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Nassau County Lacrosse Officials Association, Inc.
2016 Rules & Interpretation

From: Brendan Wallace 03/31/17

For Immediate Release: These attached Q & A's are written to answer a number of play situation questions that have been submitted for clarification. Note that the mouthpiece question on a defender has a different ruling that was distributed earlier. The ruling has been approved by the NFHS and should be followed. Hopefully the Q & A's will provide answers to play situations and not generate more questions as responses require extended time to work through the answer approval process.
Walt Munze , USL Rules Interpreter

NFHS Boys Lacrosse Q & A 3/31/2017

1. Q: B1is closely guarding ball carrier A1 when the official becomes aware that B1 is not wearing his mouthpiece. Is this a flag down or immediate whistle?
A: Unless A1 is in the act of shooting, this is an immediate whistle. B1 serves 30 seconds. Award the ball to Team A. (Rule 4-24-1)

2. The ball is loose and a player’s mouthpiece is dangling from his facemask. Is this a play-on or an immediate whistle?
A: This is an immediate whistle. Award the ball to the other team. (Rule 4-24-1)

3. Between quarters, an equipment check shows that A1 does not have a mouthpiece and B1 has a deep pocket. Are these simultaneous fouls? Do both players serve penalty time? How do we start the next quarter?
A: Simultaneous fouls. A1 serves 30 seconds. B1 serves one minute. (Both fouls are non-releasable.) The next period begins with a face-off. (Rules 4-3-1, 6-5-2-x)

4. Q: A1 has possession behind the goal, and B1 (non-goalie defender) is guarding him from the crease in front of the goal. Is this a violation on B1?
A: No. B1 is permitted in the crease to cover his opponent. A violation has only occurred when a non-goalie defender enters the crease with the intent to act as goalkeeper. (Rule 4-18-4)

5. Q: B1 (non-goalie defender) slides through the crease while covering A1. A2 shoots the ball from in front of the goal and the shot strikes B1 while he is in the crease. Is this a violation on B1?
A: No. B1 is permitted in the crease to cover his opponent. The fact that he was struck with a shot does not, in and of itself, indicate that he entered the crease with the intent to act as goalkeeper. (Rule 4-18-4)
NFHS Boys Lacrosse Q & A 3/31/2017

6. Q: The ball is loose in front of the crease and B1 goalkeeper has left his crease in an attempt to play the loose ball. A scrum develops around the ball and B2 (non-goalie defender) steps in the crease placing himself between the scrum and the open goal. Is this a violation on B2? If so, is this a play-on or an immediate whistle?
A: Yes. B2 is shielding the goal and acting as goalkeeper. This should be an immediate whistle. Award the ball to Team A if this is B2’s first violation; for a second or subsequent violation, B2 serves one releasable minute. (Rule 4-18-4)

7. Q: On a face-off, a loose ball goes into and out of Team A’s offensive box without either team having gained possession. The ball is now pushed back over the midfield line, still without either team having gained possession. Is this an over-and-back violation?
A: No. No team has gained possession of the ball, so there is no over-and-back violation at this point. (Rule 4-14-1 & 3)

8. Q: On a face-off, a loose ball goes into Team A’s offensive box without either team having gained possession. A1 now gains possession of the ball in the box and carries it out of the box. Is a 10-second count started? If A1 were to pass or run the ball back over the midline, would this be an over-and-back violation?
A: A count does not begin since A1 established possession inside his attack box. If A1 were to subsequently pass or run the ball back over the midline, this would be an over-and-back violation. (Rule 4-14-1 & 3)

9. Q: On a face-off, a loose ball goes into and out of Team A’s offensive box without either team having gained possession. A1 now gains possession of the ball outside of the box. Is a 10-second count begun? If A1 were to pass or run the ball back over the midline, would this be an over-and-back violation?
A: A 10-second count begins when A1 gains possession of the ball outside of the box. If A1 were to subsequently pass or run the ball back over the midline, this would not be an over-and-back violation. The 10-second count would continue. (Rule 4-14-1 & 3)
NFHS Boys Lacrosse Q & A 3/31/2017

10. Q: Team A has established possession in its attack area. A1 pass from behind the goal is deflected by B1 and crosses back over the midline. The ball is now pushed back into Team A’s offensive half were A2 gains possession of the ball. Is a 10-second count started? If Team A were to pass or run the ball back over the midline, would this be an over-and-back violation?
A: A count does not begin since there was no change of possession. If Team A were to subsequently pass or run the ball back over the midline, this would be an over-and-back violation. NOTE: Per 4-14-1 SITUATION C, if Team A had gained possession in its defensive half, a 20-second count would begin. (Rule 4-14-1 SITUATIONS C & D)

11. Q. A1 face-off player has added a covering to the top 6” of the shaft that meets contrasting color requirements but is made of a rubber-like or other material that improves the grip. Is this allowed?
A: Yes. As long as the covering does not increase the circumference of the handle beyond 3.5” (per Rule 1-6-1), such a covering is expressly allowed by Rule 1-8, which states:
“Handles that have been altered in any fashion other than taping or adding another covering designed to improve the grip are illegal.”
Taping or adding another covering designed to improve the grip is therefore legal.

Here are some situations that recently took place in scrimmages / games. March 27, 2017

Rule 4 - Play of the Game
SECTION 8 - GOAL SCORED (Page 39)
A GOAL IS SCORED when a LOOSE BALL passes from the front, completely through the imaginary plane formed by the rear edges of the goal line, the goal posts and the crossbar of the goal, regardless of who supplied the impetus.

RULE 4.8 - PLAY RULINGS (PAGE 39)
SITUATION D: The Goalie or any player in possession of the ball (a) brings his crosse back through the plane of the goal, or (b) brings his crosse back through the plane of his goal and the ball drops to the ground across the goal line. RULING: (a) Legal play, no goal scored (b) A goal is awarded to the opposing team
COMMENT: When the player drops the ball in the goal, it is a loose ball beyond the plane of the goal.

Rule 4 - Play of the Game
SECTION 11 - OFFSIDE ENFORCEMENT (Page 41)
ART. 2...If BOTH teams are offside, and one team has possession of the ball, the players shall be placed onside and play resumed with the team in possession retaining possession
ART. 3...If BOTH teams are offside, and NEITHER team has possession of the ball, the players shall be placed onside and the ball is awarded according to alternate possession rule.
NOTE: The RESTART is where the ball was when the whistle blew, NOT a free clear.

RULE 4 - Play of the Game
SECTION 12 OFFSIDE, GOAL SCORED (Page 42)
When the attacking team is offside and a goal is scored, the goal shall not count and the ball shall be awarded to the offended team. If the defensive team is offside, the goal counts and no penalty shall be assessed. If BOTH teams are offside, the goal shall not count, and the ball is awarded according to the alternate possession rule.
NOTE: If the goal is not allowed and the ball awarded to the defensive team, this RESTART could be in the crease, but it wouldn`t be a bad idea to take your time placing everyone onside and start in defensive box.

RULE 4 - Play of the Game
SECTION 14 ADVANCING THE BALL INTO THE GOAL AREA (Page 43)
ART. 2...The requirement for advancing the ball into the goal area is met when the ball touches anything within that area or a player in possession of the ball touches the line or is inside the goal area. Comment: The officials should SIGNAL that the ball is in.
NOTE: The LEAD should only start the 10-second count when the offensive player gains possession on the offensive side of field, NOT when he touches it.

Rule 6 - Technical Fouls
SECTION 10-PLAY RULINGS (Page 74)
6.10.3 SITUATION A: Team A, which is ahead throws the ball into its goal area during the last two minutes of regulation. Before either team gains possession in the goal area, the offensive team kicks the ball out of the goal area OR the ball rolls out with no one touching it while it was in the goal area. Is this stalling? RULING: YES. Comment: The ball touched inside the goal area, thus making the offensive team subject to the stalling rules. The officials should SIGNAL that the ball is in.

FACE OFFS
A reminder that there is NOTHING in the book stating the face off the player MUST make an attempt to play the ball first during a face off. (College Rule only) However, BOTH players must go down together at the spot where the official pointed. What happens after the whistle is subject to our judgement.

TEAMWORK with your partner(s), "Two are better than one if two act as one" - Coach K Duke Basketball
Same goes for three officials.

If you have questions regarding what I just went over, or anything else, call or e-mail.
Officially yours,
Brendan

Please review the following "Over & Back" Situation & Rule Clarification. March 27, 2017

SITUATION
Team A has satisfied their 10-second count requirement. An errant pass that was tipped or last touched by Team B goes over the midline into Team A`s defensive side of the field. The loose ball is now redirected back into the Team A`s offensive side of the field and A1 secures possession. A1 now steps on the midline, is checked or runs back into his defensive half of the field.
Is this "Over & Back"? Or does A1 now get a new 10-second count?
RULING: Team A would not get a new 10-second count. Yes, this is "Over & Back".
Comment: What is important to know in this situation is that there wasn`t a change of possession, therefore Team A would not get a new 10-second count and since they were the last to possess or touch the ball before it went back in to the defensive side of the field, it is an "Over & Back" violation.

If you have any questions on this situation or anything else, call or e-mail.
Officially yours,
Brendan

NFHS Boys Lacrosse Rules Interpretations - 2017

By NFHS on February 17, 2017  

SITUATION 1: B1 is not wearing shoulder pads, arm pads or other mandatory protective equipment. A1, while driving to the goal, has no mouthpiece, the mouthpiece is hanging from his face mask or it is in his mouth but not worn properly. RULING: Stop play, technical violation and award ball to Team B unless the official knows the mouthpiece came out as a result of play. (1-9-1)
SITUATION 2: A1, while driving to the goal, has no mouthpiece, the mouthpiece is hanging from his face mask or it is in his mouth but not worn properly. RULING: Stop play, technical violation, award ball to Team B unless the official knows the mouthpiece came out as a result of play. (1-9-1)
SITUATION 3: During the final two minutes of regulation play, stalling rules will be in effect. A team that is ahead by four goals or less will be warned to “keep it in” once the ball has been brought into its respective goal area. (3-3)
SITUATION 4: Neither situation applies to a designated goalkeeper if he is within his goal crease area at the time the ball becomes stuck. In this case, a defensive player shall be awarded the ball in the crease. (4-7-2 NOTE)
SITUATION 5: B1 (not the goalkeeper) picks up a loose ball or catches a pass while in the crease. As he is coming out of the crease, A1 checks B1’s crosse, causing the ball to enter the goal. RULING: Legal goal. Interference may be called only when the designated goalkeeper is involved. (4-18-2)
SITUATION 6: A1 takes a shot while B1 goalkeeper is away from the crease area. While the shot is in flight, the B2 non-goalkeeper-defender steps in the crease to block the shot. RULING: Play-on until the shot comes to its normal conclusion. If it is B2’s first violation of this type, (a) if the ball did not enter the goal, stop play and award ball to Team A. B2 does not serve penalty time. (b) If the ball entered the goal as a result of the shot, B2’s violation is wiped out by the goal. In either case, B2 would serve a one-minute releasable unsportsmanlike conduct foul for each subsequent violation. If it is B2’s second or any subsequent violation of this type, (a) if the ball did not enter the goal, stop play. B2 will serve a one-minute releasable unsportsmanlike conduct foul. Award the ball to Team A laterally outside of the goal area. (b) If the ball entered the goal as a result of the shot, B2 will serve a one-minute releasable unsportsmanlike conduct foul. Resume play with a faceoff. (4-18-4)
SITUATION 7: “Get It In/Keep It In” situations are: 1. Under two minutes remaining in the game when a team is ahead by four goals or less. (4-31c)
SITUATION 8: During the faceoff, but before possession is gained, A1 pushes B1 who is attempting to secure the ground ball in B’s defensive side of the field. The official awards the ball to B at the spot of the infraction. RULING: Correct procedure. The ball is moved to the offended team’s offensive side of the field only on a pre-whistle violation. (6-5-2)
SITUATION 9: During the last two minutes of regulation play, stalling rules are in effect for the team that is ahead by four goals or less. When the score is tied, or the score differential is five goals or more, neither team is forced to keep the ball in the goal area. (6-10-3)
SITUATION 10: When a penalty occurs and the ball is in the offended team’s offensive half of the field, the ball shall be put in play by the team awarded the ball, at the spot where the ball was when play was suspended. If the ball was in the goal area when play was suspended, it shall be restarted 20 yards laterally outside the goal area. If the ball had crossed the end line prior to the penalty occurring, play shall be restarted at that spot. (7-3)
SITUATION 11: After a faceoff and before possession has been declared or the ball crosses the defensive-area line, B4, who was behind the defensive-area line at the beginning of the faceoff, comes across the defensive-area line to play the loose ball. RULING: Technical foul against B. Ball awarded to Team A at the spot where the ball was when play was suspended. (7-3)
SITUATION 12: While the ball is loose in the crease, A1 interferes with goalkeeper B1. RULING: Play-on situation. If B1 fails to gain possession of the ball, the ball is awarded to Team B at the spot where the ball was at the time of the violation. (7-11-2)

 

From: Brendan Wallace 03/23/17

The following are some situations for your review regarding Rule 4-18 (Page 45)
We will be discussing these at our next meeting.

ART.4...No defensive player, other than a properly equipped goalkeeper, can enter his own crease with the PERCEIVED INTENT on blocking a shot or acting as a goalkeeper.
Penalty: Conduct Foul on the defensive player. A second violation by the player will be enforced as a 1 min RELEASABLE unsportsmanlike conduct.
NOTE: Officials will STOP play as soon as they notice the situation. However, if a shot is already in FLIGHT when this is noticed, the shot will be allowed to come to its normal conclusion before the whistle blows to stop play.

Situation 6 / 4-18-4 NEW SITUATION A explains how we will handle shots already "IN FLIGHT. (which are considered loose)
A1 takes a shot while B1 goalkeeper is away from the crease area. While the shot is in flight, the B2 non-goalkeeper defender steps in the crease to block the shot.
RULING: Play-on until the shot comes to its normal conclusion.
If it is B2's first violation of this type, (a) if the ball did not enter the goal, stop play and award ball to Team A. B2 does not serve penalty time. (b) If the ball entered the goal as a result of the shot, B2's violation is wiped out by the goal. In either case, B2 would serve a one-minute releasable unsportsmanlike conduct foul for each subsequent violation.
If it is B2's second or any subsequent violation of this type, (a) if the ball did not enter the goal, stop play. B2 will serve a one-minute releasable unsportsmanlike conduct foul. Award the ball to Team A laterally outside of the goal area. (b) If the ball entered the goal as a result of the shot, B2 will serve a one-minute releasable unsportsmanlike conduct foul. Resume play with a faceoff. (4-18-4)

SITUATION 4.18.1(E): Two or more defenders from Team B are standing IN THE CREASE in front of the goal with a clear INTENTION of blocking shots, not defending another player.
Ruling: Conduct Foul on Team B. If Team A was in possession, Team B in-home serves a 30 second penalty. A second violation by Team B should be enforced as a releasable unsportsmanlike conduct. The in-home serves because it is considered a TEAM foul. (The State will review rule next year.)
Page 1 of 2
Question? If the ball is LOOSE close to the goal should we STOP the play immediately when we see the goalie out of the crease and the Defensive player jumps in the goal crease?
NO, a loose ball is not a shot.
The important focus is on Defensive Player who is acting as a goalie INTENDING to stop a POTENTIAL SHOT.

Other SITUATIONS that may come up:

  • Goalie B1 loses the ball on a clearing attempt, Defensive player B2 jumps in his own crease as offensive team bears down on goal, but has NOT shot yet.

Ruling: Flag down, stop play immediately because you noticed a potential shot. Technical foul. (30 second conduct foul for 1st violation or upgrade accordingly).

  • Same situation but shot was in flight as Defensive player B2 jumps in crease.

Ruling: Allow shot to come to its conclusion. (follow NEW SITUATION above)

  • A1 has the ball at X with defender B1 hung up in front of the goal. B1 & the goalie stand in the crease in front of the goal. A1 has the ball and drives toward the goalie at GLE. The goalie defends him on the side of the crease. A1 has the potential for a shot as he turns the corner. B1 slides across the front of the goal (in crease) with the perceived INTENT of blocking a shot or acting as a goalie.

Ruling: Flag down, stop play immediately. 30 second conduct foul (first violation or upgrade)

  • Same situation but defender B1 slides completely across the front of the goal to defend the offensive player at GLE.

Ruling: No call if B1 did not act with the perceived intent of blocking a shot or acting as a goalie.

Mouthpiece Penalty 
Rule 6 – Technical Fouls (Page 68)
SECTION 5 ILLEGAL PROCEDURE
ART. 2
x. Failure to wear required mouthpiece (unless it comes out during play).
Situation #1 – A1 with possession of the ball is driving towards Team B's goal while closely guarded by B1.  1) A1 is not wearing his mouthpiece, or 2) B1 is not wearing his mouthpiece.  RULING:  1) Stop play immediately.  Award ball to Team B.  2) Flag down.  Allow the scoring play to continue.  When the scoring attempt is completed, stop play and assess the Technical Foul.
Situation #2 – During a loose ball A1 or B1 is not wearing their mouthpiece.  RULING:  Stop play immediately and award ball accordingly.  If both players are not wearing their mouthpieces
Situation #3 – During a loose ball both A1 & B1 are not wearing their mouthpieces.  RULING:  Stop play immediately and award ball according to Alternate Possession.

Restarts after a Mouthpiece Penalty
How are we handling Restarts now that this is a Technical Foul?
Situation #1 – During a loose ball, Team A Player does not have a mouthpiece at all.  Official stops the play and awards ball to Team B.  The Team A Player must be removed from the game.  Do we allow time for Team A to substitute?  How much time?  Should we use our 20 second beeper in this situation and treat similar to a substitution?  
Situation #2 – During a faceoff, Team A Player does not have a mouthpiece at all.  Official awards ball to Team B. The Team A Player must be removed from the game.  Do we allow time for Team A to substitute?  How much time?  Should we use our 20 second beeper in this situation and treat similar to a substitution? 
MECHANIC: We are to treat this technical foul the same as we would treat other technical fouls.  Obviously, allow the player without a mouthpiece enough time to clear the general scrimmage area before restarting play. 

NFHS Boys Lacrosse Rules Changes - 2017
      By NFHS on August 18, 2016  
1-3-2a: If a flat-iron goal is used on a grass field, it may be attached to the ground with ground anchors.
Rationale: Ground anchors are not typically used on grass fields.  This change will allow the rules to be aligned with standard practice.  The rule change would allow but not require ground anchors.
4-3-1 Exception 2: If a player or team commits a foul before any faceoff, the ball will be awarded to the offended team in its offensive side of the field at the Center.
Rationale: Currently there is a distance of 5 yards from all surrounding players and re-start from spot of the foul. This ruling of “a free clear” is no longer correct and should have been deleted in the current rules book in order to be consistent with Rule 4.4.2 SITUATION B, which calls for a re-start from “the spot where the ball was when play was suspended.”
4-3-3: Paint, a single wrap of tape, or other material of contrasting color to the head may now be used on the handle of the crosse for any player taking a faceoff.
Rationale: New handle materials are already in production and create a more durable solution than tape. The current rule only allows for tape; this rule change would allow for the emerging best practices.
4-18-4: No defensive player, other than a properly equipped goalkeeper, can enter his own crease with the perceived intent on blocking a shot or acting as a goalie. Penalty: Conduct foul on the defensive player. A second violation by the player will be enforced as releasable unsportsmanlike conduct.
Note: Officials will stop play as soon as they notice the situation. However, if a shot is already in flight when this is noticed, the shot will be allowed to come to its normal conclusion before the whistle blows to stop play.
Rationale: Risk minimization only the goalkeeper may be located within the crease.
6-5-2: Failure to wear the required mouthpiece (unless it comes out during play) is now a technical foul.
Rationale: Change brings foul into conformity with current trends in the sport and makes it more likely to be enforced and, therefore, should bring greater compliance for risk minimization.
6-10-3: During the last two minutes of regulation play, stalling rules are in effect for the team that is ahead by four goals or less.  When the score differential is five goals or more, neither team is forced to keep the ball in the goal area unless warned to “keep it in.”
Rationale: The current “automatic stall warning” in the last two minutes creates a dangerous situation where a team that is essentially “out of the game” is given more opportunity to “punish” the team that is ahead since that team is forced to “keep it in.”

Points of Emphasis

  1. Coaches and Team Area
  2. Defenseless Hits
  3. Blindside Hits
  4. Mouthpieces
  5. Reminder of Crosse Change in 2018

From: Brendan Wallace 05/16/16

SITUATION: Team A has possession. Team B commits a foul and a "Flag Down" / slow whistle is in place. If Team A is under a (a) 10 second count, or (b) 20 second count, does this reset the count.

RULING: (a) Yes. Team A gets a new 10 second count to advance the ball into the goal area. (b) Yes. Team A gets a new 20 second count (turn your beeper off, then back on to reset) to advance the ball across the midfield line.
In both situations, it is the same result if there had been a loose ball violation on Team B and a "Play On" was called.
See RULE 4-13, SITUATION B & RULE 4-14.1, SITUATION E.
NOTE: If applicable, such a "Flag Down" or "Play On" would also reset a 4 second count.

The proper mechanic for this reset is for the on-official / official who makes the call, to extend their arm upwards, twirl your fingers and say "Reset".

I hope you have found this information useful. If you need to discuss further or have questions on any other rules, please don`t hesitate to call or e-mail.


Officially yours,
Brendan Wallace - Rules Interpreter

From: Brendan Wallace 03/8/16

There were several questions that were asked at our Rules Interpretation meeting last week that needed clarification. The following are clarifications from Walt Munze (NFHS Rules Interpreter) and/or the NFHS Rules Book.

1) Tape Ring
What is the penalty if a player has a tape ring that is more than 3.5 inches in circumference and is up near the head of the crosse?
RULE 1, SECTION 6 - PLAY RULING (Page 13 & 14)
1.6.1 SITUATION: During an equipment inspection, A1`s handle has a tape ring measuring more than 3.5 inches in circumference that is (a)within 3 inches or (b)more than 3 inches from the butt end of the handle. RULING: (a)Legal (b)The stick is not considered illegal. The tape ring, which is more than 3 inches from the butt end of the handle, must be removed before the stick is returned to play. There is no penalty assessed.
What if this same stick was being used by Team A`s faceoff player? RULING: The Team A player may not use this stick to play or faceoff with, therefore the player must get another stick or be replaced by another player. This would result in a technical foul on Team A for "Delay of Game", no faceoff and Team B would be awarded the ball at the midfield.

2) Can a player pick up the ball and/or play with the ball in the back of the crosse?
RULE 4, SECTION 7 - BALL CAUGHT IN CROSSE OR EQUIPMENT
ART.1...If at any point the ball becomes stuck in the front or back of the crosse, there shall be an immediate whistle and the ball awarded to the opposing team. This rule also applies when a player loses his crosse and the ball remains in or under the head of the crosse.
The important word in this rule is "STUCK". A player is allowed to pass, shoot & cradle the ball with the back or front of the crosse. He is also allow to pick up a loose ball with the front or the back of the crosse. If it is evident at anytime that the ball is "stuck" in the back or the front of the crosse, then there is a violation. If during the process of picking up a loose ball, the ball defies gravity, then there is a violation. But remember, we must observe theses occurrences first, before assessing a penalty. Innocent, until proven Guilty.

3) Over & Back Rule
RULE 4, SECTION 14 - ADVANCING THE BALL INTO GOAL AREA
ART.3...Once the ball has been successfully advanced into the goal area, a team is provided the opportunity to run its offense in its offensive half of the field. If the offensive team carries, passes or propels the ball to its defensive half of the field and the offensive team was last in possession, and last touched the ball (except on a shot), the result will be an immediate turnover or a play-on.
If the ball does not touch or go over the center line, no infraction has occurred. Defensive players may legally bat the ball to keep it in the offensive half of the field; but if it is possessed and their feet are in the defensive half, it shall be a turnover.
Q. Is the center line treated as a "plane" so that if the ball crosses the center line it is an immediate violation?
A. No. The ball must touch the center line, the ground on the defensive half of the field or anything in the defensive half.

Q. May a player in the defensive half of the field bat the ball with his crosse or kick the ball so that the ball does not cross the center line?
A. Yes.

Q. May a player in the offensive half of the field reach across the center line and either catch the ball or bat the ball back over the center line, so that it never touches the center line, the ground on the defensive half of the field or anything in contact with the defensive half?
A. Yes.

One last clarification.
A coach asked me if it was legal for his faceoff player to remove his handle and apply the tape first, then insert the handle so that there is now tape underneath the throat of the crosse? RULING: Legal.
Although the rule book states, "The tape is to begin, but not be touching the plastic at the throat of the crosse"....., the Rules Committee felt that this was not an advantage and did not impose on the intent of of the rule.

I hope that you have found these clarification informative and useful. As always, if you have additional questions on these clarifications or any other rules and or mechanics, please call or e-mail.
Officially yours in lacrosse,
Brendan Wallace - N.C.L.O.A. Rules Interpreter